Types of Therapy

Further Reading

Please find a selection of books and articles listed below that may be useful to you.


Barlow, D. (2010). Negative effects from psychological treatments. American Psychologist, 65(1), 13-20


Bates, Y. (ed.) (2005). Shouldn’t I be feeling better by now? Client views of therapy.  Palgrave Macmillan.


Bergin, A. (1963) The effects of psychotherapy: Negative results revisited.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 10(3): 244-250.


Berk, M. & Parker, G. (2009). The elephant on the couch: side-effects of psychotherapy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 787-794.


Castonguay L., Boswell J., Constantino M., Goldfried M. & Hill, C. (2010)  Training implications of harmful effects of psychological treatments.  American Psychologist, 65(1), 34-49.


Dimidjian, S. & Hollon, S. (2010) How would we know if psychotherapy were harmful?  American Psychologist, 65(1), 21-33.


Greenberg, L. (2007). A guide to conducting a task analysis of psychotherapeutic change. Psychotherapy Research, 17(1), 15-30.


Jarrett, C. (2008). When therapy causes harm. The Psychologist, 21(1), 10-12.


Knox, S., Adrians, N., Everson, E., Hess, S., Hill, C. & Crook-Lyon, R. (2011). Clients’ perspectives on therapy termination. Psychotherapy Research, 21(2), 154-167.


Kraus, D., Castonguay, L., Boswell, J., Nordberg, S. & Hayes, J. (2011). Therapist effectiveness: implications for accountability and patient care. Psychotherapy Research, 21(3), 267-276.


Lambert, M., Bergin, A. & Collins, J. (1977). Therapist-induced deterioration in psychotherapy. Chapter 17 in Gurman, A. & Razin, A. Effective psychotherapy: A handbook of research. Pergamon Press.


Lambert, M. (2007). Presidential address: what we have learned from a decade of research aimed at improving psychotherapy outcome in routine care. Psychotherapy Research, 17(1), 1-14.


Lilienfeld, S. (2007). Psychological treatments that cause harm. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(1), 53-70.


Mohr DC. (1995) Negative Outcome in Psychotherapy: A Critical Review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2: 1–27.


Nutt, D. & Sharpe, M. (2008). Uncritical positive regard? Issues in the efficacy and safety of psychotherapy. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 22(1), 3-6.


Procci, W. (2007). A cautionary tale about boundary violations in psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.  Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry, 5(4), 407-411.


Shepherd, M., Evans, C., Cobb, S. & Ghossain, D. (2012). Does therapy make things worse? Investigating episodes of psychological therapy where clients’ scores showed reliable deterioration.  Clinical Psychology Forum, 233, 8-12.


Strupp, H.& Hadley, S.  (1977) A tripartite model of mental health and therapeutic outcomes: With special reference to negative effects in psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 32(3), 187-196.


Walker, R. & Clark, J. (1999). Heading off boundary problems: clinical supervision as risk management. Psychiatric Services, 50(11), 1435-1439.